Archaeology is a fascinating subject. It is shrouded with an air of mystery and adventure, thanks in part to stories in fictional novels and films such as those in the Indiana Jones franchise. A popular criticism in the media, however, is that archaeology disproves the Bible. A recent example concerns a paper published by two Israeli archaeologists that supposedly claimed the Bible was wrong about camel domestication in the time of Abraham. Media sources immediately seized on the story, proclaiming to the world that these two professors had proved the Bible wrong.
If you read the actual report, you will find that it never mentions the Bible. In fact, the only thing the paper proves is the earliest date at which camel domestication in Israel cannot be denied. It says nothing about Abraham. That angle is a fictive creation of over-eager journalists with no experience in archaeology.
There is plenty of good evidence that supports the biblical narrative if one is willing to take an objective look. Regardless of the period, archaeological evidence demonstrates the reliability of the Bible. Some sites, such as the excavations at Khirbet Qeiyafa, are constantly shoring up the traditional view of the United Monarchy. Going farther back in time, other discoveries show that the Bible is generally trustworthy. Here are some links to articles on archaeology and the trustworthiness of the Bible:
Armchair Archaeology and the New Atheism
Simcha Jacobovici and the Quest to Find Who Wrote the Bible
More Evidence of the United Monarchy
The Khirbet Qeiyafa Inscription
The Beni Hasan Tomb Inscription and the Patriarchal Period
The Death of Biblical Minimalism
An Interview with Israel Finkelstein
Archaeology is indeed exciting. If you have some time available at the end of August, I will be presenting four lessons on archaeology and the Bible at Polishing the Pulpit in Sevierville, TN on August 26-27. You can visit the PTP homepage here, where you can find a list of other great speakers and download a class schedule. PTP has literally hundreds of great classes for everyone. I hope to see you there.